What is a Learning Disability (LD)?


What is a Learning Disability?


A Learning Disability (LD) is a disorder that affects people’s ability to either interpret what they see and hear or to link information from different parts of the brain. These limitations can show up in many ways: as specific difficulties with spoken and written language, co-ordination, self control, or attention. Such difficulties extend to schoolwork and can impede learning to read, write, or do math.

[Source: National Institutes of Health, 1993]


What is Dyslexia?


‘Dyslexia’ comes from a Greek word and it means ‘difficulty with words’. Dyslexia affects reading, spelling, writing, memory and concentration, and sometimes math, music, foreign languages and self-organisation. Some people call dyslexia ‘a specific learning difficulty’. Dyslexia tends to run in families. Dyslexia continues throughout life. 10% of the population is dyslexic, 4% being severely dyslexic. Dyslexic people may have creative, artistic, and practical skills. They can develop strategies for their areas of difficulty.


[Source: British Dyslexia Association]

Please visit the Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario website for the current official definiton of LDs: